Upma is common South Indian and Western Indian breakfast dish. It is popular dish of Sri Lanka too. It is traditionally cooked with roasted wheat Rava(semolina) or rice flour. Gradually various innovative methods have been incorporated in making upma. It is no more restricted to Rava as main ingredient. There are many ways Upma is prepared and every Upma prepared has variant flavours based on the ingredients and spices used in it. Various seasoning and vegetables are often added during the cooking depending on individual preferences. It has gained popularity in whole of India. Major variation of Upma are Rava Upma, Rice Upma, Whole wheat Upma, Corn Upma and Vermicelli Upma. I shall give recipes of all types one by one. Here I have given recipe of traditional Rava (semolina) Upma.
- Semolina 250gm
- Chopped Onion 50 gm/1/2 cup
- Chopped Green Chili 1tblspn
- Chopped ginger 1 tspn
- Handful Kari leaves
- Soaked urad dal/split black gram 1tblspn
- Whole dry red chili 1
- Refined Oil 50 gm
- Water 500gm
- Salt 1 ½ tspn or to taste
Dry roast rawa till it changes colour and aromatic. Do not over roast. The colour will remain white. Keep aside.
Steam the vegetables till soft but firm. Keep aside.
Heat oil, put whole red chili, let it change colour, put mustard seed, let it splatter, add curry patta and soaked daals. Fry till the daals turns brown.
Add chopped green chili and ginger, stir fry for ½ min. Add steamed vegetables. Fry for 1 min.
Now add water & salt. Bring to boil. Check seasoning. It must be salty. Let the water boil for ½ min. then switch off the stove.
Slowly pour the roasted rawa with one hand with other hand keep stirring the water to mix up the rawa and water evenly. When whole rawa is poured, cover and switch on the stove. Cook it covered for 2 mins on slow flame.
Uncover, stir till the extra moisture dries up .
Transfer to serving bowl. May garnish with chili or chopped coriander leaves.
Traditionaly it is served with Sambhar and Coconut chutney. However, Rava Vegetable Upma does not require any accompaniment.